The Center for Applied Linguistics (CAL) carries out a wide range of activities including research, teacher education, analysis and dissemination of information, design and development of policies and resources for dual language education.

Perhaps the most important document to guide the development of a dual language immersion (DLI) program is the “Guiding Principles for Dual Language Education,” which is available through the CAL in Washington, DC. Synthesizing all the research on dual language programs, it provides a reflection rubric that can be used to guide the program development for new programs and to support the strengthening of existing programs.

Howard, E. R., Lindholm-Leary, K. J., Sugarman, J., Christian, D., & Rogers, D. (2007). Guiding principles for dual language education. Washington, DC: Center for Applied Linguistics.
Available at:

CAL also has a “Two-Way Immersion Toolkit” for districts and sites that are considering implementing a DLI education program:

There are many other resources available on the CAL website for DLI programs.

There is also a national two-way immersion directory available. It is a self-reporting website, which means that the directory is not exhaustive:

If you would like an expert DLI consultant from CABE PDS to support you in planning and implementing your DLI program, submit your request below.